impaired driving is one of America’s most-often-committed and
37,261 people nationwide were killed in motor vehicle traffic
crashes. Alcohol-impaired driving accounted for 32
percent of the motor vehicle traffic fatalities. [Source:
In 2008, of
the 13,846 alcohol-related fatalities, 53% or 7,378,
involved a hardcore offender. Hardcore offenders are persons
with a BAC of .15 or greater, or with a prior DWI arrest.
and 2007, more than 220,000 people died in crashes involving
hardcore drinking drivers. [Source:
hardcore drinking drivers were involved in a minimum of 9,414
alcohol-related fatalities, the estimated cost of which was
over $9.1 billion. [Source: NTSB]
offenders are over represented in fatal crashes, and have a
greater relative risk to kill another person. [Source: NHTSA and
average weekend night, about 1 percent of drivers have BACs of
.15 or greater and about two-thirds of fatally injured drinking
drivers have BACs of .15 or greater. [Source: NHTSA]
A driver with
a .08 BAC in a fatal crash is 8 times more likely to have a
prior DWI conviction than a person with no alcohol present.
Drivers at .15
BAC and above are at least 20 times more likely to be involved
in a fatal crash than a non-drinking driver. [Source: NHTSA]
estimated that half of all drivers arrested and half of those
convicted of DWI have BACs of .15 or greater. [Source: NHTSA]
impaired drivers are not impacted by the same general deterrence
methods, such as public awareness campaigns, or only traditional
sanctions such as incarceration.
impaired drivers meet the clinical diagnosis of alcohol
dependence and abuse.